How Medical Marijuana Helps Patients with Anxiety
Posted on August 21st, 2019 to Medical Cannabis
How Medical Marijuana Helps Patients with Anxiety
Whether you have been living with it for years or just been diagnosed, anxiety can be very difficult to deal with. It doesn’t matter the severity of your case, seemingly simple activities can feel like impossible tasks with anxiety disorders.
Since we all have unique brain chemistry and don’t react the same way to anxiety medicine, some patients find it really hard to find the right treatment for their anxiety. Even finding the right therapist can be another source of confusion on its own.
However, recently, there has been an increasing body of evidence showing that medical marijuana can be an effective treatment option for anxiety disorders. In this article, you will be seeing some way in which medical marijuana can help with anxiety disorders and how you can benefit from it.
Anxiety disorders, which are often characterized by excessive feelings of apprehension, worry, and even fear, are among the most common mental illness in the U.S. It affects more than 40 million adults every year. And when we consider the number of people that have it and didn’t seek treatment, we expect that number to even increase.
Anxiety disorders are usually chronic in nature, as they last for at least 6 months while getting worse without treatment. Contrary to what many people believe, anxiety disorders don’t get better with time. Even though symptoms can usually come and go, treatment is still always necessary to fight the disorder.
There are various types of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), agoraphobia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and social disorder.
Pharmaceutical Medications Not Helping
When it comes to treating anxiety disorders, pharmaceutical medication and Cognitive Behavior Therapy are usually the first line of defense. However, it seems these treatment options are losing their potency as they tend not to be helping.
Some anxiety medications, in particular, are not helping issues as patients tend to develop resistance to them, therefore causing such patients to take higher and higher dosages to maintain their calm. This often causes very painful withdrawal symptoms and also contributing to the opioid epidemic.
But there is new hope! Medical marijuana is now been shown to have some potential to effectively help with some types of anxiety disorders. And also without the usual side effects associated with pharmaceuticals.
How can medical marijuana help treat anxiety?
Medical marijuana is quickly gaining ground when it comes to treating anxiety, especially for patients suffering from PTSD. Research is still ongoing to reveal more ways marijuana can help resolve the issue of anxiety. Below are some of the ways marijuana can help:
#1: Marijuana helps increase the levels of endocannabinoids
Endocannabinoids are naturally-occurring chemical in the brain that is often associated with reduced levels of stress, fear, and anxiety. One major thing that reduces the level of these chemicals is stress. Some researchers believe that decreased levels of endocannabinoids in the brain could be the cause of anxiety disorders. Therefore boosting the endocannabinoid signaling system would go a long way to help relieve stress and anxiety.
Medical marijuana contains two major compounds; the CBD and THC. While CBD is known for its several health benefits, THC is well known for its ‘high’ effect. However, when consumed in low quantity, THC can help bring relief to tension and anxiety by increasing the presence of endocannabinoids.
#2: Medical marijuana helps manage the levels of GABA in your brain
One of the most commonly prescribes anti-anxiety medications for treating anxiety disorders is benzodiazepines. The drug helps to manage the levels of Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA), a neurotransmitter that balances your levels of anxiety. Unfortunately, patients taking benzodiazepines tend to quickly build a tolerance to it, leading to lots of overdose death every year.
Medical marijuana also tends to have a significant effect on GABA levels. According to some studies, the components of marijuana, especially cannabidiol (CBD), also helps to manage the amount of GABA present in the brain.
#3: Medical marijuana lowers cortisol levels
Marijuana helps lower the levels of cortisol in the body. Cortisol is a hormone that indicates how much stress you feel. Lowered levels of cortisol create a dulled reaction to stress. Even though we aren’t very sure yet if this is an overall good or bad result. But if it turns out to be good, that could be a total gateway for the treatment of anxiety disorders.
#4: Marijuana increases serotonin levels
Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that plays a vital role in our mental health. Low levels of serotonin is often found in people having depression. In some cases too, reduced levels of this neurotransmitter may also cause anxiety.
Low serotonin level is usually treated conventionally by using a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), such as fluoxetine (Prozac) or sertraline (Zoloft). But SSRI is only available by prescription. However, people suffering from anxiety disorders may be able to manage their condition with CBD instead of SSRI.
#5: Marijuana has effects on the limbic and paralimbic areas of the brain
According to clinical research, vaporizing medical cannabis or using edible oils can help the symptoms of PTSD in some patients. The study showed that symptoms were reduced as much as 75%.
However, a study also found that CBD, which is a major component of medical marijuana significantly reduce social anxiety disorder because of its unique effect on the limbic and paralimbic areas of the brain.
Are There Any Side Effects to Using Medical Marijuana for Anxiety Disorders?
While medical marijuana has many benefits, it can also have side effects for some patients. However, marijuana is versatile, so a negative side effect for a patient may be a benefit for another. So when you are considering the pros and cons of marijuana for anxiety, you should look at it holistically. Some side effects include:
Dry mouth or thirst