To understand how neuropathic pain develops, let’s take a closer look at our peripheral nerves.
The human Peripheral nervous system is divided into many different components with specific individual functions: the sensory nerves which receive sensation from touch, temperature, and pain; the motor nerves which control muscle movement; while the autonomic nerves regulate other vital functions such as our heart rate, blood pressure, digestion and bladder functions.
The whole peripheral nervous system basically functions by acquiring and sending information from our central nervous system across the rest of our body. When our nerve fibers become damaged, injured, or dysfunctional, they can transmit wrong signals to other pain receptors.
Peripheral neuropathy sometimes affects a single nerve (mononeuropathy), or two nerves located in different areas of our bodies (multiple mononeuropathy) or even several nerves (polyneuropathy). Most people suffer from polyneuropathy; however, it all depends largely on which nerves become damaged.
Still, pain can by nature, be complicated and entirely subjective. Pain cannot be measured; it is often difficult to describe and it affects each individual in a unique way; this explains why there are lots of treatment options.
Conventional neuropathy treatment examines the underlying causes of the chronic nerve pain. People suffering from neuropathic pain are generally prescribed anti-inflammatory, non-steroidal medication or strong painkillers like morphine.